Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 11,627,155
2 United States 2,324,519
3 Brazil 1,607,743
4 Thailand 1,525,087
5 Turkey 1,294,374
6 South Korea 1,229,764
7 Taiwan 1,033,133
8 Italy 920,512
9 India 910,495
10 Spain 903,891
11 Japan 779,496
12 United Kingdom 748,152
13 Australia 606,186
14 Malaysia 575,001
15 Canada 561,203
16 France 513,147
17 Mexico 458,390
18 Poland 416,771
19 Indonesia 403,471
20 Portugal 391,077

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach