Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,832,821
2 United States 2,176,813
3 Thailand 1,975,712
4 Brazil 1,689,639
5 India 1,121,897
6 Turkey 1,072,632
7 South Korea 987,293
8 Taiwan 935,022
9 Spain 798,652
10 Malaysia 774,747
11 Italy 767,481
12 Russia 735,908
13 United Kingdom 727,485
14 Japan 689,233
15 Mexico 565,767
16 Australia 557,131
17 Canada 533,964
18 France 480,957
19 Germany 430,756
20 Poland 423,858

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach