Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,255,028
2 United States 2,175,776
3 Thailand 1,824,679
4 Brazil 1,628,586
5 Turkey 1,091,804
6 South Korea 1,014,745
7 India 984,738
8 Taiwan 933,879
9 Spain 816,494
10 Italy 810,961
11 United Kingdom 738,042
12 Japan 709,161
13 Malaysia 666,305
14 Australia 580,109
15 Russia 541,008
16 Canada 534,894
17 Mexico 512,228
18 France 468,221
19 Poland 415,538
20 Germany 391,989

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach