Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,016,355
2 United States 2,095,460
3 Thailand 1,983,238
4 Brazil 1,662,285
5 India 1,230,483
6 Turkey 1,042,215
7 South Korea 968,984
8 Taiwan 940,740
9 Russia 882,453
10 Malaysia 878,299
11 Spain 799,306
12 Italy 739,619
13 United Kingdom 708,422
14 Japan 676,039
15 Mexico 563,278
16 Australia 540,094
17 Canada 516,498
18 France 506,964
19 Germany 449,412
20 Poland 414,882

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach