Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,421,035
2 United States 475,737
3 India 419,130
4 United Kingdom 212,873
5 Turkey 156,056
6 Germany 147,027
7 Iran 123,501
8 Taiwan 118,910
9 Australia 101,242
10 Canada 99,302
11 South Korea 99,253
12 Brazil 88,877
13 Thailand 78,731
14 France 76,725
15 Japan 74,052
16 Malaysia 70,380
17 Italy 63,354
18 Indonesia 54,650
19 Netherlands 54,537
20 Russia 49,063

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach