Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,514,849
2 United States 449,778
3 India 371,191
4 United Kingdom 210,244
5 Turkey 147,651
6 Germany 139,487
7 South Korea 106,103
8 Iran 102,650
9 Taiwan 101,452
10 Australia 99,280
11 Canada 95,988
12 Brazil 76,796
13 France 75,961
14 Japan 75,425
15 Thailand 73,472
16 Italy 65,381
17 Malaysia 60,701
18 Netherlands 56,829
19 Spain 46,266
20 Indonesia 46,238

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach