Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,522,212
2 United Kingdom 618,143
3 Australia 428,703
4 Canada 355,837
5 China 178,414
6 Netherlands 132,183
7 Germany 62,982
8 Spain 58,698
9 France 56,754
10 Turkey 52,509
11 South Korea 51,756
12 New Zealand 45,769
13 Belgium 44,355
14 Italy 42,945
15 Sweden 40,897
16 Hong Kong 40,357
17 Taiwan 35,459
18 Switzerland 34,079
19 Thailand 33,549
20 Malaysia 33,257

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach