Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,463,598
2 United Kingdom 581,898
3 Australia 419,294
4 Canada 326,329
5 China 163,787
6 Netherlands 130,562
7 Germany 67,368
8 France 57,978
9 Spain 55,024
10 South Korea 51,422
11 Turkey 51,042
12 New Zealand 45,039
13 Belgium 44,697
14 Italy 41,109
15 Sweden 39,784
16 Thailand 39,616
17 Malaysia 36,619
18 Hong Kong 36,511
19 Taiwan 36,420
20 Iran 33,451

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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