Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,313,533
2 United Kingdom 548,401
3 Australia 410,230
4 Canada 292,057
5 China 157,053
6 Netherlands 125,628
7 Germany 69,673
8 Spain 53,124
9 France 51,734
10 South Korea 48,984
11 Turkey 44,637
12 New Zealand 43,628
13 Belgium 43,503
14 Taiwan 43,206
15 Thailand 42,072
16 Italy 40,896
17 Sweden 40,883
18 Malaysia 36,943
19 Hong Kong 36,722
20 Brazil 35,706

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach