Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 491,213
2 United States 241,231
3 United Kingdom 121,504
4 India 69,408
5 Australia 65,017
6 Germany 54,208
7 South Korea 51,693
8 Taiwan 50,598
9 Canada 43,542
10 Turkey 42,395
11 Netherlands 35,871
12 Malaysia 32,963
13 Brazil 32,480
14 Spain 27,469
15 Indonesia 25,971
16 Japan 24,491
17 Hong Kong 23,226
18 Italy 22,713
19 France 18,210
20 Thailand 15,981

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach