Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 331,560
2 United States 201,860
3 United Kingdom 96,466
4 India 66,972
5 Germany 54,741
6 Australia 51,271
7 Taiwan 42,912
8 South Korea 38,596
9 Canada 35,950
10 Turkey 32,749
11 Brazil 32,523
12 Malaysia 28,232
13 Netherlands 28,226
14 Spain 21,864
15 Japan 21,131
16 Indonesia 20,671
17 Italy 18,040
18 Russia 17,695
19 France 14,895
20 Hong Kong 14,606

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach