Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 202,754
2 China 117,997
3 United Kingdom 87,412
4 Australia 61,473
5 Canada 55,259
6 Brazil 48,335
7 Japan 28,171
8 India 22,312
9 France 20,965
10 Mexico 19,732
11 Thailand 17,948
12 Taiwan 16,822
13 Germany 16,461
14 South Korea 16,299
15 Spain 14,651
16 Netherlands 14,332
17 South Africa 13,884
18 Turkey 13,450
19 Russia 12,698
20 Italy 12,105

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach