Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,264,075
2 United Kingdom 394,023
3 China 256,603
4 Canada 215,047
5 Australia 208,638
6 Germany 207,751
7 Netherlands 164,656
8 Japan 93,510
9 Switzerland 65,837
10 Brazil 61,083
11 Spain 60,592
12 Italy 56,626
13 France 49,925
14 South Korea 47,982
15 Sweden 46,216
16 Turkey 39,099
17 Israel 38,193
18 Taiwan 35,326
19 Mexico 33,228
20 Belgium 33,171

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach