Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,282,709
2 United Kingdom 434,748
3 China 275,555
4 Canada 232,706
5 Australia 230,263
6 Germany 195,435
7 Netherlands 167,502
8 Japan 95,641
9 Switzerland 68,457
10 Spain 65,103
11 Italy 61,860
12 Brazil 57,152
13 South Korea 52,019
14 France 50,562
15 Sweden 46,738
16 Turkey 43,934
17 Israel 40,541
18 Belgium 37,190
19 Austria 35,158
20 Taiwan 34,048

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach