Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,087,813
2 China 972,466
3 United Kingdom 574,853
4 Japan 480,578
5 Canada 325,419
6 Germany 288,745
7 Australia 263,152
8 South Korea 183,498
9 Italy 162,655
10 France 155,082
11 Netherlands 138,315
12 Brazil 136,409
13 Spain 125,052
14 Switzerland 99,104
15 Taiwan 93,950
16 Mexico 86,815
17 Turkey 78,071
18 Israel 60,042
19 Sweden 59,501
20 Belgium 56,933

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach