Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,240,411
2 China 990,091
3 United Kingdom 571,490
4 Japan 504,012
5 Canada 336,151
6 Germany 324,719
7 Australia 269,960
8 South Korea 189,006
9 Italy 168,435
10 France 168,387
11 Brazil 160,995
12 Netherlands 143,067
13 Spain 130,522
14 Taiwan 105,165
15 Switzerland 103,239
16 Mexico 102,075
17 Turkey 75,343
18 Russia 74,095
19 Sweden 63,363
20 Israel 61,704

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach