Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,994,963
2 United States 2,263,568
3 United Kingdom 1,632,367
4 South Korea 840,659
5 India 823,292
6 Australia 621,622
7 Germany 553,830
8 Turkey 520,177
9 Canada 517,007
10 Italy 493,063
11 Netherlands 399,133
12 Brazil 395,824
13 Japan 382,916
14 Spain 365,353
15 Malaysia 326,535
16 France 319,731
17 Taiwan 310,615
18 Thailand 286,147
19 Sweden 254,221
20 Hong Kong 227,479

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach