Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,861,538
2 United States 2,050,368
3 United Kingdom 1,435,897
4 India 831,899
5 South Korea 676,850
6 Australia 558,236
7 Germany 557,281
8 Canada 467,559
9 Turkey 462,018
10 Italy 431,853
11 Brazil 386,861
12 Netherlands 335,929
13 Malaysia 335,039
14 Japan 333,704
15 Spain 326,348
16 Thailand 299,960
17 France 287,693
18 Taiwan 287,614
19 Iran 233,000
20 South Africa 214,457

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach