Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 89,597
2 United States 37,913
3 China 35,459
4 Australia 29,755
5 Canada 16,078
6 Netherlands 15,425
7 South Africa 12,279
8 Germany 8,601
9 Sweden 7,944
10 Hong Kong 6,478
11 New Zealand 6,359
12 Turkey 5,615
13 India 5,399
14 Malaysia 5,016
15 Indonesia 4,894
16 Italy 4,845
17 Brazil 4,769
18 Spain 4,593
19 Japan 4,104
20 South Korea 3,376

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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