Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,729,612
2 United States 1,640,002
3 China 670,887
4 Australia 537,543
5 Netherlands 360,962
6 Canada 343,580
7 Germany 314,280
8 South Africa 299,353
9 India 232,218
10 Japan 194,044
11 Indonesia 149,036
12 France 143,018
13 Sweden 128,073
14 Malaysia 117,166
15 Italy 114,118
16 South Korea 107,407
17 Turkey 105,911
18 Switzerland 98,571
19 Brazil 96,842
20 Belgium 91,632

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach