Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,676,892
2 United States 1,623,629
3 China 598,654
4 Australia 548,802
5 Netherlands 347,319
6 Germany 345,577
7 Canada 329,613
8 South Africa 303,746
9 India 229,822
10 Japan 186,341
11 Indonesia 141,267
12 France 132,605
13 Malaysia 123,153
14 Sweden 116,553
15 Italy 103,984
16 South Korea 100,631
17 Brazil 95,998
18 Turkey 94,495
19 New Zealand 90,399
20 Switzerland 89,104

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach