Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 702,733
2 United Kingdom 598,655
3 China 205,739
4 Australia 154,088
5 Canada 149,324
6 Spain 107,625
7 Germany 100,141
8 Italy 89,848
9 France 78,572
10 Netherlands 58,669
11 Turkey 42,013
12 Portugal 40,802
13 Israel 38,659
14 Japan 37,967
15 Sweden 34,948
16 New Zealand 33,475
17 Norway 30,223
18 Denmark 27,784
19 Belgium 27,469
20 Switzerland 27,453

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach