Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 800,139
2 United Kingdom 607,623
3 China 215,851
4 Australia 168,155
5 Canada 166,868
6 Germany 133,419
7 Spain 119,233
8 France 95,968
9 Italy 86,403
10 Netherlands 58,966
11 Portugal 47,470
12 Turkey 39,963
13 Israel 38,376
14 Brazil 36,504
15 New Zealand 36,461
16 Sweden 35,752
17 Japan 35,392
18 Belgium 34,858
19 South Africa 30,343
20 Czech Republic 28,698

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach