Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 843,857
2 United Kingdom 638,668
3 China 233,070
4 Canada 176,728
5 Australia 176,461
6 Germany 147,318
7 Spain 134,321
8 France 109,938
9 Italy 88,804
10 Netherlands 60,739
11 Portugal 50,574
12 Japan 41,163
13 Israel 40,913
14 Turkey 39,847
15 Brazil 38,941
16 New Zealand 37,782
17 Belgium 37,405
18 Sweden 36,087
19 South Africa 32,419
20 Czech Republic 31,349

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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