Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 743,803
2 United Kingdom 596,322
3 China 205,331
4 Australia 160,218
5 Canada 158,237
6 Germany 115,588
7 Spain 106,421
8 Italy 84,850
9 France 84,458
10 Netherlands 58,534
11 Portugal 43,367
12 Turkey 39,649
13 Israel 37,885
14 Japan 36,308
15 Sweden 34,921
16 New Zealand 34,726
17 Brazil 33,413
18 Norway 27,670
19 Czech Republic 27,525
20 South Africa 27,203

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach