Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 629,179
2 United Kingdom 277,062
3 United States 250,171
4 Germany 107,364
5 Australia 107,097
6 Netherlands 102,837
7 Turkey 91,342
8 India 72,725
9 Taiwan 68,283
10 Brazil 60,733
11 Canada 56,042
12 Iran 50,711
13 South Korea 46,108
14 Italy 39,819
15 Malaysia 39,812
16 France 35,994
17 Spain 33,926
18 Indonesia 33,646
19 Thailand 31,334
20 Hong Kong 29,292

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach