Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 793,596
2 United Kingdom 290,064
3 United States 257,269
4 Netherlands 113,916
5 Australia 111,486
6 Turkey 96,692
7 Germany 85,173
8 India 70,564
9 Taiwan 65,058
10 Canada 61,609
11 Brazil 53,916
12 South Korea 49,034
13 Italy 46,493
14 France 41,029
15 Spain 35,230
16 Hong Kong 34,977
17 Malaysia 33,075
18 Indonesia 32,998
19 Portugal 32,217
20 Sweden 29,352

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach