Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 704,066
2 United Kingdom 280,479
3 United States 253,495
4 Netherlands 108,460
5 Australia 107,250
6 Germany 93,338
7 Turkey 92,660
8 India 69,256
9 Taiwan 63,636
10 Canada 58,838
11 Brazil 57,026
12 South Korea 45,677
13 Italy 42,653
14 France 38,500
15 Iran 38,493
16 Malaysia 35,353
17 Spain 33,975
18 Hong Kong 32,399
19 Indonesia 31,736
20 Portugal 29,502

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach