Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,572,947
2 United States 739,582
3 India 713,259
4 Japan 433,258
5 Germany 353,006
6 South Korea 228,632
7 Russia 204,910
8 Brazil 200,284
9 Turkey 187,057
10 United Kingdom 186,236
11 France 171,299
12 Taiwan 154,754
13 Pakistan 109,162
14 Spain 97,367
15 Canada 97,308
16 Malaysia 91,439
17 Poland 87,692
18 Netherlands 74,629
19 Thailand 73,521
20 Australia 64,916

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach