Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,683,190
2 India 724,669
3 United States 709,516
4 Japan 449,113
5 Germany 374,703
6 South Korea 253,399
7 Russia 219,090
8 Brazil 208,386
9 Turkey 195,168
10 United Kingdom 187,464
11 France 160,911
12 Taiwan 148,993
13 Pakistan 128,992
14 Spain 100,724
15 Canada 100,605
16 Poland 92,795
17 Malaysia 90,475
18 Thailand 75,404
19 Australia 68,294
20 Mexico 65,478

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach