Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 196,293
2 United Kingdom 142,286
3 Netherlands 68,436
4 Australia 45,971
5 Germany 40,444
6 China 36,984
7 Canada 35,669
8 Belgium 15,190
9 Sweden 11,863
10 France 11,296
11 Denmark 10,870
12 Italy 10,773
13 South Korea 10,661
14 Spain 9,116
15 Norway 9,057
16 New Zealand 8,788
17 Turkey 7,908
18 Switzerland 7,579
19 Taiwan 7,526
20 Finland 7,526

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach