Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 287,830
2 United States 276,881
3 United Kingdom 76,956
4 Japan 57,127
5 Germany 56,737
6 France 53,761
7 Canada 49,341
8 South Korea 38,288
9 Australia 37,438
10 Brazil 36,327
11 India 34,337
12 Spain 26,869
13 Taiwan 21,967
14 Netherlands 18,455
15 Italy 17,260
16 Switzerland 16,939
17 Russia 13,957
18 Sweden 13,871
19 Norway 11,151
20 New Zealand 10,430

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach