Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 283,568
2 China 273,536
3 United Kingdom 79,541
4 Germany 60,133
5 Japan 57,219
6 France 49,427
7 Canada 49,259
8 Brazil 40,764
9 Australia 38,672
10 India 35,570
11 South Korea 34,835
12 Spain 26,036
13 Taiwan 22,926
14 Russia 18,890
15 Netherlands 18,134
16 Italy 17,395
17 Switzerland 16,462
18 Sweden 13,308
19 Norway 12,472
20 Malaysia 11,434

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach