Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 713,987
2 China 564,159
3 Japan 224,806
4 United Kingdom 190,666
5 Germany 169,683
6 India 115,458
7 South Korea 103,900
8 Canada 101,016
9 Brazil 94,363
10 Italy 89,457
11 France 89,392
12 Australia 76,545
13 Taiwan 67,764
14 Russia 60,078
15 Spain 54,938
16 Netherlands 50,074
17 Mexico 44,542
18 Switzerland 40,933
19 Turkey 37,203
20 Thailand 35,740

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach