Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 658,287
2 China 553,991
3 Japan 217,978
4 United Kingdom 185,054
5 Germany 154,208
6 India 98,819
7 South Korea 97,962
8 Canada 86,247
9 Italy 84,750
10 Brazil 81,062
11 France 79,151
12 Australia 72,240
13 Taiwan 61,043
14 Spain 52,193
15 Netherlands 50,651
16 Russia 48,572
17 Switzerland 39,014
18 Mexico 37,777
19 Turkey 35,211
20 Poland 32,796

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach