Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 755,191
2 China 580,463
3 Japan 236,405
4 United Kingdom 197,631
5 Germany 180,130
6 India 127,926
7 South Korea 113,113
8 Brazil 105,773
9 Canada 103,037
10 France 99,907
11 Italy 95,106
12 Australia 79,397
13 Taiwan 77,779
14 Russia 70,649
15 Spain 58,822
16 Netherlands 49,142
17 Mexico 46,897
18 Switzerland 41,576
19 Turkey 40,463
20 Thailand 39,973

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach