Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 608,194
2 China 549,605
3 Japan 211,662
4 United Kingdom 177,117
5 Germany 137,085
6 South Korea 94,567
7 India 84,350
8 Italy 81,672
9 Canada 81,535
10 France 73,496
11 Brazil 70,935
12 Australia 68,823
13 Taiwan 55,079
14 Netherlands 49,400
15 Spain 49,391
16 Switzerland 38,342
17 Russia 37,118
18 Turkey 36,243
19 Mexico 31,557
20 Poland 30,988

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach