Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 691,241
2 China 512,428
3 United Kingdom 282,029
4 Germany 176,908
5 Australia 112,782
6 Netherlands 87,162
7 Canada 83,945
8 Japan 81,326
9 France 69,936
10 Taiwan 63,432
11 South Korea 57,950
12 Italy 50,567
13 India 41,747
14 Spain 40,898
15 Brazil 39,834
16 Turkey 39,463
17 Hong Kong 39,311
18 Switzerland 36,780
19 Denmark 35,383
20 Sweden 32,282

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach