Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 728,708
2 China 569,675
3 United Kingdom 321,762
4 Germany 174,366
5 Australia 109,330
6 Netherlands 101,375
7 Canada 92,784
8 Japan 87,798
9 France 63,393
10 Taiwan 61,452
11 South Korea 58,892
12 Italy 57,705
13 Turkey 43,484
14 India 42,750
15 Switzerland 41,810
16 Hong Kong 41,291
17 Spain 40,736
18 Denmark 39,743
19 Brazil 38,076
20 Sweden 31,107

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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