Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 765,310
2 China 635,001
3 United Kingdom 342,132
4 Germany 163,444
5 Netherlands 112,839
6 Australia 107,209
7 Canada 95,822
8 Japan 93,999
9 Italy 66,878
10 France 65,068
11 South Korea 64,040
12 Taiwan 53,539
13 Hong Kong 52,656
14 Turkey 49,439
15 Switzerland 45,765
16 Spain 42,381
17 India 39,651
18 Denmark 39,215
19 Brazil 34,758
20 Sweden 34,607

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach