Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 81,783
2 China 80,575
3 United Kingdom 42,357
4 Japan 24,694
5 Germany 20,133
6 France 18,110
7 Australia 14,043
8 Italy 12,582
9 Canada 11,084
10 South Korea 9,713
11 Netherlands 8,565
12 Taiwan 7,371
13 India 7,208
14 Brazil 6,830
15 Switzerland 6,312
16 Russia 6,172
17 Turkey 5,865
18 Spain 5,693
19 Hong Kong 4,592
20 Sweden 3,589

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach