Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 82,977
2 China 77,663
3 United Kingdom 46,419
4 Japan 22,414
5 Germany 18,148
6 France 16,879
7 Australia 13,761
8 Italy 13,435
9 Canada 10,805
10 South Korea 9,799
11 Netherlands 8,813
12 India 6,838
13 Switzerland 6,521
14 Turkey 5,982
15 Spain 5,824
16 Taiwan 5,466
17 Brazil 5,229
18 Hong Kong 5,219
19 Russia 4,075
20 Sweden 3,474

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach