Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,414,521
2 China 2,239,119
3 United Kingdom 1,868,304
4 Australia 679,982
5 Germany 679,766
6 Netherlands 589,831
7 Taiwan 367,343
8 Hong Kong 323,392
9 Canada 295,092
10 South Korea 244,627
11 Switzerland 161,446
12 France 153,962
13 India 146,252
14 Japan 132,324
15 Sweden 124,191
16 Finland 120,578
17 Italy 117,171
18 New Zealand 116,727
19 Denmark 115,231
20 Indonesia 104,375

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach