Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 444,121
2 Brazil 266,236
3 United Kingdom 262,201
4 China 232,044
5 Australia 135,934
6 Russia 122,174
7 Germany 97,531
8 Thailand 95,501
9 Spain 93,564
10 Mexico 86,464
11 Italy 84,661
12 France 78,787
13 India 77,820
14 Canada 64,793
15 Turkey 63,629
16 Japan 63,066
17 Colombia 56,192
18 South Africa 46,232
19 Pakistan 44,234
20 Netherlands 42,272

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach