Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 418,054
2 China 333,963
3 Germany 210,454
4 Japan 150,768
5 United Kingdom 139,392
6 South Korea 74,421
7 France 69,158
8 India 52,321
9 Australia 49,089
10 Canada 40,875
11 Netherlands 37,466
12 Taiwan 35,328
13 Switzerland 34,569
14 Belgium 30,987
15 Spain 24,502
16 Sweden 24,063
17 Russia 23,318
18 Austria 21,779
19 Brazil 20,954
20 Italy 18,182

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach