Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 402,127
2 China 310,352
3 Germany 208,814
4 Japan 147,810
5 United Kingdom 130,642
6 France 75,291
7 South Korea 69,064
8 India 55,344
9 Australia 47,686
10 Canada 39,070
11 Taiwan 37,073
12 Netherlands 34,356
13 Switzerland 31,747
14 Belgium 28,878
15 Spain 25,616
16 Russia 23,088
17 Sweden 23,072
18 Brazil 21,000
19 Austria 20,128
20 Italy 18,212

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach