Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 419,363
2 China 352,464
3 Germany 201,780
4 Japan 150,762
5 United Kingdom 139,812
6 South Korea 84,093
7 France 65,144
8 Australia 48,558
9 India 48,083
10 Canada 41,986
11 Netherlands 38,635
12 Switzerland 36,375
13 Taiwan 34,924
14 Belgium 31,895
15 Spain 23,816
16 Austria 23,062
17 Russia 22,054
18 Sweden 20,187
19 Brazil 19,424
20 Italy 18,136

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach