Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 416,702
2 China 382,490
3 Germany 187,397
4 Japan 151,327
5 United Kingdom 142,164
6 South Korea 94,376
7 France 65,087
8 Australia 50,174
9 India 47,380
10 Canada 42,008
11 Netherlands 38,617
12 Switzerland 37,169
13 Taiwan 35,281
14 Belgium 32,691
15 Sweden 26,528
16 Austria 24,706
17 Spain 23,255
18 Russia 21,386
19 Italy 18,395
20 Brazil 17,713

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach