Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 256,543
2 United States 219,873
3 India 104,731
4 Germany 98,533
5 United Kingdom 75,825
6 Japan 60,952
7 France 51,934
8 Canada 48,757
9 Taiwan 39,616
10 Brazil 39,053
11 Italy 38,979
12 Australia 30,569
13 Russia 27,805
14 Netherlands 26,304
15 Malaysia 25,493
16 Turkey 22,623
17 South Korea 21,455
18 Czech Republic 20,891
19 Switzerland 18,234
20 Singapore 17,414

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach