Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 275,956
2 United States 218,756
3 Germany 96,703
4 India 94,564
5 United Kingdom 77,345
6 Japan 58,001
7 France 49,571
8 Canada 45,959
9 Italy 37,780
10 Brazil 36,884
11 Australia 32,697
12 Netherlands 26,459
13 Taiwan 26,450
14 Russia 26,269
15 Malaysia 23,290
16 South Korea 22,936
17 Turkey 19,760
18 Singapore 16,590
19 Switzerland 16,509
20 Poland 15,609

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach