Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 237,756
2 United States 201,609
3 India 102,747
4 Germany 91,567
5 United Kingdom 67,796
6 Japan 64,697
7 France 51,254
8 Canada 44,475
9 Italy 40,931
10 Taiwan 40,457
11 Brazil 30,490
12 Australia 28,609
13 Russia 26,960
14 Malaysia 25,452
15 Netherlands 24,306
16 Turkey 21,919
17 South Korea 19,650
18 Czech Republic 18,864
19 Switzerland 18,043
20 Singapore 17,193

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach