Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,588,175
2 China 938,559
3 United Kingdom 455,725
4 Japan 440,865
5 Canada 241,583
6 Australia 224,398
7 Germany 218,125
8 South Korea 207,310
9 Italy 137,402
10 Brazil 124,656
11 Netherlands 116,837
12 France 113,459
13 Taiwan 101,523
14 Turkey 90,384
15 Spain 88,568
16 Switzerland 73,998
17 Mexico 64,974
18 Iran 62,615
19 Russia 61,003
20 Belgium 49,543

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach