Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,687,292
2 China 964,242
3 Japan 456,137
4 United Kingdom 455,995
5 Canada 286,205
6 Germany 241,307
7 Australia 224,091
8 South Korea 223,755
9 Brazil 148,938
10 Italy 145,847
11 France 129,345
12 Netherlands 118,027
13 Taiwan 113,727
14 Spain 97,063
15 Turkey 93,274
16 Russia 84,257
17 Switzerland 76,287
18 Mexico 74,812
19 Iran 70,727
20 Sweden 69,773

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach