Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,517,627
2 China 927,311
3 United Kingdom 458,149
4 Japan 429,594
5 Canada 239,889
6 Australia 226,188
7 South Korea 199,705
8 Germany 195,001
9 Italy 135,496
10 Netherlands 115,300
11 France 110,227
12 Brazil 109,864
13 Turkey 95,404
14 Taiwan 92,260
15 Spain 87,890
16 Switzerland 73,453
17 Mexico 57,180
18 Iran 55,782
19 Belgium 50,406
20 Sweden 45,700

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach