Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,708,572
2 China 979,515
3 Japan 475,245
4 United Kingdom 449,851
5 Canada 291,409
6 Germany 260,956
7 South Korea 243,199
8 Australia 222,125
9 Brazil 164,655
10 Italy 152,275
11 France 144,232
12 Taiwan 126,591
13 Netherlands 119,931
14 Spain 103,050
15 Russia 100,124
16 Turkey 94,493
17 Switzerland 75,357
18 Sweden 74,661
19 Mexico 73,636
20 Iran 71,384

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach