Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 10,692,049
2 United States 1,655,825
3 South Korea 777,022
4 India 625,831
5 United Kingdom 579,319
6 Brazil 568,964
7 Taiwan 451,461
8 Turkey 433,179
9 Australia 423,026
10 Canada 405,030
11 Japan 387,686
12 Malaysia 310,117
13 Spain 303,590
14 France 253,483
15 Italy 249,121
16 Thailand 222,460
17 Iran 192,426
18 Pakistan 174,109
19 Mexico 171,876
20 Russia 161,840

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach