Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,506,768
2 United States 1,432,248
3 India 666,013
4 Brazil 542,850
5 South Korea 534,326
6 United Kingdom 487,248
7 Turkey 386,137
8 Taiwan 371,656
9 Malaysia 346,424
10 Australia 344,785
11 Canada 338,485
12 Japan 327,093
13 Thailand 315,458
14 Iran 275,598
15 Spain 253,563
16 Russia 252,994
17 France 232,103
18 Mexico 211,482
19 Italy 197,071
20 Germany 175,436

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach