Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,845,450
2 United States 1,508,113
3 India 612,679
4 South Korea 608,661
5 Brazil 540,733
6 United Kingdom 511,472
7 Turkey 386,963
8 Taiwan 386,107
9 Australia 380,616
10 Canada 357,493
11 Japan 340,758
12 Malaysia 312,121
13 Spain 268,575
14 Thailand 264,874
15 Iran 246,821
16 France 232,215
17 Italy 209,684
18 Russia 198,534
19 Mexico 188,298
20 Germany 166,755

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach