Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,683,250
2 United States 1,354,172
3 India 725,025
4 Brazil 543,663
5 South Korea 507,739
6 United Kingdom 482,230
7 Turkey 395,606
8 Malaysia 395,536
9 Taiwan 386,868
10 Thailand 355,271
11 Australia 338,789
12 Canada 329,533
13 Japan 327,607
14 Russia 298,002
15 Iran 271,388
16 Spain 260,723
17 France 257,432
18 Mexico 218,842
19 Italy 196,749
20 Germany 183,885

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach