Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 197,131
2 United States 92,929
3 South Korea 46,327
4 Japan 35,897
5 United Kingdom 32,922
6 India 26,944
7 Taiwan 21,542
8 France 19,749
9 Germany 16,306
10 Canada 14,829
11 Turkey 13,727
12 Thailand 11,232
13 Australia 10,683
14 Brazil 9,965
15 Italy 9,364
16 Poland 9,244
17 Netherlands 9,236
18 Russia 9,057
19 Malaysia 8,153
20 Spain 7,463

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach