Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 748,402
2 China 604,790
3 United Kingdom 505,700
4 Australia 141,359
5 Germany 130,721
6 Japan 103,395
7 Netherlands 102,320
8 Canada 100,807
9 India 78,036
10 France 73,836
11 South Africa 69,829
12 Indonesia 47,739
13 Italy 46,890
14 Turkey 46,379
15 Hong Kong 45,930
16 Switzerland 43,082
17 South Korea 40,265
18 Malaysia 36,957
19 Sweden 36,057
20 Spain 33,976

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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