Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 693,653
2 United Kingdom 461,725
3 China 392,272
4 Germany 155,808
5 Australia 149,166
6 Japan 102,360
7 Netherlands 93,319
8 Canada 89,267
9 India 79,909
10 South Africa 79,302
11 France 72,365
12 Malaysia 61,467
13 Indonesia 52,480
14 Turkey 40,536
15 Italy 38,712
16 South Korea 38,418
17 Sweden 36,700
18 Brazil 35,885
19 Pakistan 35,854
20 Switzerland 35,513

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach