Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 733,777
2 China 490,276
3 United Kingdom 488,378
4 Australia 145,581
5 Germany 143,903
6 Japan 99,656
7 Canada 97,350
8 Netherlands 97,259
9 India 79,650
10 France 74,382
11 South Africa 72,910
12 Indonesia 49,358
13 Malaysia 44,023
14 Italy 43,736
15 Turkey 42,477
16 Switzerland 40,666
17 Hong Kong 38,449
18 South Korea 37,349
19 Brazil 35,761
20 Sweden 33,979

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach