Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 761,798
2 United States 186,284
3 Australia 129,548
4 Canada 97,823
5 South Korea 84,360
6 Turkey 81,230
7 South Africa 75,953
8 Japan 72,568
9 India 70,677
10 United Kingdom 70,289
11 Brazil 63,963
12 Chile 62,955
13 Germany 53,232
14 Russia 48,421
15 France 43,592
16 Taiwan 40,807
17 Finland 40,379
18 Belgium 36,902
19 Iran 34,285
20 Spain 32,703

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach