Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 713,228
2 United States 178,115
3 Australia 125,237
4 Canada 103,846
5 Brazil 84,634
6 South Korea 81,347
7 Turkey 78,307
8 South Africa 78,166
9 Japan 72,296
10 India 71,208
11 United Kingdom 65,645
12 Chile 59,047
13 Germany 57,621
14 Russia 50,708
15 Iran 44,024
16 France 41,930
17 Finland 39,119
18 Taiwan 37,347
19 Mexico 36,514
20 Indonesia 36,136

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach