Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 397,839
2 China 209,283
3 United Kingdom 87,161
4 Japan 79,705
5 South Korea 50,329
6 Australia 48,026
7 Italy 47,804
8 Canada 47,171
9 Germany 46,824
10 Turkey 36,970
11 Netherlands 33,567
12 France 31,964
13 Taiwan 26,566
14 Brazil 25,467
15 Switzerland 22,940
16 Spain 19,376
17 Thailand 18,800
18 Mexico 17,716
19 Belgium 14,132
20 Colombia 14,010

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach