Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 448,814
2 China 213,512
3 United Kingdom 84,854
4 Japan 81,400
5 South Korea 57,192
6 Italy 56,014
7 Germany 54,860
8 Canada 50,089
9 Brazil 46,899
10 Australia 45,850
11 France 39,842
12 Turkey 39,664
13 Netherlands 33,616
14 Taiwan 32,657
15 Russia 24,385
16 Switzerland 22,804
17 Spain 22,191
18 Thailand 20,850
19 Mexico 20,131
20 Colombia 17,383

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach