Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 419,902
2 China 204,837
3 United Kingdom 84,718
4 Japan 79,252
5 South Korea 52,527
6 Italy 51,687
7 Germany 50,846
8 Canada 49,600
9 Australia 46,717
10 Brazil 41,474
11 Turkey 37,422
12 France 35,219
13 Netherlands 33,136
14 Taiwan 28,886
15 Switzerland 22,493
16 Russia 21,507
17 Thailand 20,861
18 Mexico 20,549
19 Spain 20,309
20 Iran 16,000

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach