Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,474,238
2 United States 1,506,845
3 United Kingdom 837,175
4 Australia 605,642
5 Brazil 444,463
6 Canada 401,678
7 India 337,873
8 Thailand 252,900
9 Malaysia 247,115
10 Turkey 221,381
11 Netherlands 205,460
12 Spain 201,956
13 South Korea 197,659
14 Italy 188,112
15 Germany 181,116
16 South Africa 176,961
17 Taiwan 167,579
18 Japan 162,178
19 France 157,099
20 Indonesia 141,890

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach