Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,559,262
2 United States 1,227,472
3 United Kingdom 717,329
4 Australia 509,981
5 Brazil 337,012
6 India 320,133
7 Canada 318,253
8 Malaysia 240,779
9 Thailand 221,200
10 Germany 178,638
11 Turkey 175,214
12 Netherlands 166,473
13 Spain 161,289
14 South Africa 161,265
15 Russia 161,014
16 Italy 146,473
17 Taiwan 141,152
18 South Korea 140,024
19 France 136,875
20 Japan 134,499

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach