Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,992,096
2 United States 1,380,059
3 United Kingdom 772,197
4 Australia 553,672
5 Brazil 403,567
6 Canada 354,786
7 India 338,169
8 Thailand 243,937
9 Malaysia 242,161
10 Turkey 196,663
11 Germany 184,791
12 Netherlands 179,158
13 Spain 177,127
14 South Africa 174,565
15 Italy 164,280
16 South Korea 160,082
17 Taiwan 151,726
18 Japan 150,391
19 France 143,743
20 Russia 143,194

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach