Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,451,431
2 United States 1,709,553
3 United Kingdom 967,968
4 Australia 666,007
5 Brazil 507,528
6 Canada 456,618
7 India 376,228
8 Turkey 278,982
9 Malaysia 276,161
10 Thailand 266,146
11 South Korea 251,741
12 Netherlands 250,182
13 Spain 245,049
14 Italy 236,704
15 Japan 195,250
16 Taiwan 194,751
17 South Africa 192,893
18 France 187,022
19 Germany 177,365
20 Indonesia 163,108

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach