Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 218,898
2 China 113,694
3 Germany 56,615
4 United Kingdom 55,712
5 Japan 47,111
6 India 43,172
7 Italy 23,740
8 Canada 23,612
9 Australia 21,322
10 France 20,910
11 South Korea 20,481
12 Brazil 18,541
13 Switzerland 16,198
14 Netherlands 13,586
15 Russia 12,639
16 Taiwan 12,202
17 Spain 11,883
18 Poland 10,710
19 Mexico 9,226
20 Denmark 8,508

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach