Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 207,150
2 China 121,610
3 United Kingdom 54,729
4 Germany 50,077
5 Japan 47,341
6 India 39,919
7 Italy 24,088
8 Canada 23,700
9 South Korea 21,634
10 France 20,397
11 Australia 17,497
12 Brazil 17,152
13 Switzerland 16,051
14 Netherlands 13,317
15 Taiwan 12,245
16 Russia 11,906
17 Spain 11,805
18 Poland 10,685
19 Denmark 8,976
20 Turkey 8,771

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach