Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 2,409,840
2 United States 2,346,794
3 China 2,082,531
4 Australia 847,218
5 Germany 687,760
6 Netherlands 586,478
7 Canada 515,683
8 Turkey 326,051
9 India 297,767
10 Brazil 288,566
11 Italy 279,643
12 South Korea 271,619
13 Sweden 244,000
14 France 238,238
15 Malaysia 224,974
16 South Africa 206,161
17 Japan 205,392
18 Spain 188,771
19 Switzerland 173,230
20 Hong Kong 148,993

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach