Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 2,462,876
2 China 2,311,760
3 United States 2,308,727
4 Australia 845,610
5 Germany 635,399
6 Netherlands 626,999
7 Canada 518,332
8 Turkey 348,099
9 India 289,434
10 South Korea 285,508
11 Brazil 284,375
12 Sweden 283,232
13 Italy 268,783
14 France 240,865
15 Japan 216,489
16 Malaysia 209,745
17 South Africa 200,801
18 Spain 196,863
19 Switzerland 191,393
20 Hong Kong 164,058

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach