Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 621,331
2 United Kingdom 313,210
3 China 187,124
4 Australia 142,350
5 Germany 128,336
6 Canada 109,225
7 Netherlands 98,595
8 Japan 63,876
9 Italy 44,294
10 Switzerland 39,487
11 South Korea 36,730
12 Spain 35,731
13 France 31,134
14 Belgium 30,975
15 Israel 28,190
16 Turkey 24,280
17 Austria 22,951
18 Taiwan 19,604
19 Sweden 19,054
20 Brazil 18,697

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.