Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 647,360
2 United Kingdom 287,594
3 China 173,408
4 Germany 150,565
5 Australia 138,306
6 Canada 100,799
7 Netherlands 95,678
8 Japan 56,997
9 Switzerland 38,864
10 Italy 38,640
11 South Korea 35,841
12 Spain 34,082
13 France 33,102
14 Brazil 29,433
15 Belgium 29,243
16 Taiwan 27,458
17 Israel 26,823
18 Austria 21,918
19 Turkey 21,636
20 Sweden 21,490

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.