Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 632,774
2 United Kingdom 272,037
3 China 165,253
4 Germany 154,052
5 Australia 132,185
6 Canada 97,346
7 Netherlands 93,330
8 Japan 54,445
9 Switzerland 37,688
10 Italy 37,010
11 South Korea 36,885
12 France 36,010
13 Spain 34,373
14 Brazil 31,124
15 Taiwan 30,556
16 Belgium 28,350
17 Israel 26,745
18 Sweden 22,480
19 Russia 21,626
20 Austria 21,566

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.