Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 633,489
2 United Kingdom 297,778
3 China 173,924
4 Germany 138,966
5 Australia 137,624
6 Canada 103,149
7 Netherlands 96,882
8 Japan 59,631
9 Italy 40,016
10 Switzerland 38,651
11 South Korea 34,929
12 Spain 34,545
13 France 30,622
14 Belgium 29,568
15 Israel 27,063
16 Taiwan 23,943
17 Turkey 21,650
18 Austria 21,488
19 Brazil 20,898
20 Sweden 19,173

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.