Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 485,165
2 China 433,775
3 United Kingdom 148,799
4 Japan 124,082
5 Germany 106,088
6 France 102,967
7 Canada 78,127
8 India 71,143
9 South Korea 69,838
10 Brazil 68,787
11 Australia 53,565
12 Italy 53,314
13 Russia 43,882
14 Taiwan 42,825
15 Spain 39,387
16 Netherlands 36,909
17 Mexico 34,169
18 Switzerland 31,570
19 Turkey 30,419
20 Poland 26,221

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach