Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 452,303
2 China 448,724
3 United Kingdom 147,400
4 Japan 124,350
5 France 96,878
6 Germany 92,676
7 South Korea 69,499
8 Canada 66,313
9 Brazil 62,680
10 India 62,088
11 Australia 52,240
12 Italy 52,093
13 Taiwan 39,629
14 Spain 38,621
15 Russia 37,050
16 Netherlands 36,758
17 Turkey 32,693
18 Switzerland 30,591
19 Mexico 29,222
20 Poland 24,767

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach