Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 262,697
2 United States 113,602
3 United Kingdom 68,671
4 India 57,656
5 Germany 43,066
6 Turkey 41,560
7 Taiwan 36,693
8 Brazil 34,034
9 South Korea 30,451
10 Australia 23,385
11 Italy 22,971
12 Canada 20,616
13 France 20,580
14 Malaysia 19,847
15 Netherlands 19,830
16 Thailand 17,856
17 Indonesia 16,330
18 Iran 16,170
19 Sweden 13,223
20 Spain 12,633

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach