Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 399,849
2 United States 137,468
3 United Kingdom 90,301
4 India 59,572
5 Turkey 50,213
6 Germany 46,185
7 Taiwan 45,975
8 South Korea 45,537
9 Brazil 38,226
10 Italy 32,927
11 Australia 29,582
12 Canada 26,919
13 Netherlands 26,332
14 France 26,316
15 Malaysia 22,079
16 Sweden 21,493
17 Thailand 19,106
18 Indonesia 18,112
19 Spain 17,531
20 Portugal 16,742

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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