Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 196,959
2 United States 158,595
3 China 132,549
4 Australia 82,344
5 Netherlands 61,827
6 Germany 45,496
7 Indonesia 35,263
8 Taiwan 28,462
9 Sweden 20,603
10 Malaysia 18,831
11 Canada 17,631
12 Hong Kong 16,936
13 Italy 16,258
14 Brazil 15,682
15 New Zealand 14,544
16 India 12,441
17 South Korea 11,785
18 Japan 11,652
19 France 10,674
20 Finland 9,558

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach