Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 231,377
2 United Kingdom 92,911
3 Canada 47,606
4 Australia 31,442
5 China 24,092
6 Germany 17,973
7 Spain 16,378
8 France 10,991
9 Netherlands 10,977
10 New Zealand 10,686
11 Israel 7,523
12 South Africa 7,192
13 Turkey 6,747
14 Italy 6,705
15 Sweden 6,406
16 South Korea 5,396
17 Japan 4,805
18 Denmark 4,753
19 Brazil 4,671
20 Norway 4,462

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach