Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 466,814
2 United Kingdom 278,706
3 Australia 135,177
4 China 116,116
5 Canada 93,298
6 Netherlands 74,072
7 Germany 72,568
8 Japan 46,335
9 Italy 39,444
10 France 35,422
11 Spain 25,971
12 South Korea 24,149
13 Switzerland 23,643
14 Israel 20,977
15 Belgium 18,932
16 Taiwan 18,799
17 Turkey 17,777
18 Brazil 15,733
19 New Zealand 15,420
20 Hong Kong 14,361

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach