Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 446,491
2 United Kingdom 283,068
3 Australia 131,922
4 China 117,643
5 Canada 94,899
6 Netherlands 77,508
7 Germany 68,264
8 Japan 47,449
9 Italy 42,627
10 France 36,127
11 Spain 27,074
12 South Korea 25,208
13 Switzerland 23,596
14 Israel 21,102
15 Turkey 19,822
16 Belgium 19,076
17 Taiwan 18,567
18 Hong Kong 15,748
19 New Zealand 15,257
20 Brazil 14,285

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach