Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 509,133
2 United Kingdom 288,168
3 Australia 137,439
4 China 117,579
5 Canada 95,999
6 Germany 78,844
7 Netherlands 75,943
8 Japan 45,924
9 France 42,684
10 Italy 40,552
11 Spain 28,031
12 Brazil 26,458
13 South Korea 25,468
14 Switzerland 24,128
15 Israel 23,273
16 Taiwan 22,707
17 Belgium 20,718
18 Turkey 18,488
19 Sweden 17,637
20 New Zealand 16,705

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach