Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 493,655
2 United Kingdom 284,021
3 Australia 136,007
4 China 118,937
5 Canada 94,942
6 Germany 77,336
7 Netherlands 73,104
8 Japan 45,613
9 Italy 39,733
10 France 38,451
11 Spain 26,365
12 South Korea 24,890
13 Brazil 24,032
14 Switzerland 23,755
15 Israel 21,862
16 Taiwan 20,431
17 Belgium 19,947
18 Turkey 18,153
19 Sweden 16,500
20 New Zealand 15,912

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach