Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 6,118,320
2 United Kingdom 3,340,085
3 Australia 1,977,118
4 Canada 1,488,845
5 China 670,751
6 Netherlands 543,278
7 New Zealand 353,397
8 Germany 331,551
9 Sweden 280,712
10 South Africa 249,180
11 Hong Kong 196,936
12 South Korea 176,308
13 Japan 175,367
14 Norway 173,874
15 Ireland 155,881
16 Denmark 147,418
17 Turkey 142,758
18 Switzerland 142,130
19 Belgium 139,163
20 Taiwan 138,787

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach