Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 5,984,144
2 United Kingdom 3,282,217
3 Australia 2,049,096
4 Canada 1,447,030
5 China 592,631
6 Netherlands 525,882
7 New Zealand 348,679
8 Germany 340,223
9 Sweden 282,342
10 South Africa 270,560
11 Hong Kong 190,126
12 Norway 163,592
13 Japan 163,176
14 South Korea 159,053
15 Ireland 148,747
16 Denmark 146,588
17 Taiwan 137,682
18 Switzerland 135,650
19 Belgium 134,243
20 France 131,396

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach