Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 754,393
2 United States 401,931
3 India 257,300
4 Japan 173,508
5 United Kingdom 142,852
6 Germany 120,628
7 Turkey 105,029
8 Russia 90,007
9 Brazil 76,812
10 South Korea 75,983
11 France 59,550
12 Poland 57,928
13 Spain 57,372
14 Canada 55,216
15 Taiwan 43,918
16 Switzerland 43,827
17 Australia 40,323
18 Italy 37,854
19 Mexico 35,350
20 South Africa 34,621

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach