Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 175,974
2 China 140,936
3 Indonesia 73,453
4 Malaysia 67,289
5 United States 65,673
6 Australia 41,849
7 India 35,706
8 Turkey 27,646
9 Germany 27,023
10 Pakistan 23,184
11 Netherlands 22,482
12 Iran 21,087
13 France 19,789
14 Taiwan 19,356
15 South Africa 17,557
16 Thailand 16,819
17 Brazil 13,899
18 Canada 13,153
19 Italy 12,125
20 Russia 12,002

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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