Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 254,449
2 China 230,141
3 United States 96,544
4 Indonesia 95,927
5 Malaysia 78,802
6 Australia 58,742
7 India 46,477
8 Turkey 41,713
9 Netherlands 35,742
10 Germany 31,248
11 France 26,849
12 South Africa 26,610
13 Pakistan 26,565
14 Taiwan 25,250
15 Iran 22,532
16 Italy 21,057
17 Brazil 19,159
18 Thailand 18,880
19 Canada 18,805
20 Russia 17,345

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach