Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 298,580
2 China 289,812
3 United States 112,073
4 Indonesia 104,980
5 Malaysia 81,594
6 Australia 70,488
7 Turkey 52,935
8 India 51,700
9 Netherlands 44,678
10 France 32,084
11 South Africa 31,294
12 Germany 31,194
13 Taiwan 29,101
14 Pakistan 27,800
15 Italy 27,634
16 Brazil 22,556
17 Canada 22,305
18 South Korea 20,691
19 Russia 20,554
20 Thailand 20,337

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach