Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 130,453
2 China 103,060
3 Malaysia 49,437
4 Indonesia 47,013
5 United States 45,686
6 Australia 33,911
7 India 26,994
8 Germany 20,668
9 Turkey 20,174
10 Iran 18,079
11 Netherlands 18,003
12 Pakistan 17,385
13 Taiwan 16,703
14 France 15,340
15 Tunisia 12,795
16 Thailand 12,129
17 South Africa 11,529
18 Canada 10,161
19 Brazil 9,919
20 Russia 8,732

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach