Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 408,965
2 United Kingdom 250,776
3 Australia 135,376
4 Canada 65,025
5 Netherlands 60,901
6 Germany 34,224
7 China 33,860
8 New Zealand 16,803
9 Hong Kong 15,771
10 Turkey 15,451
11 Israel 15,110
12 Sweden 13,381
13 Norway 12,186
14 Ireland 11,607
15 Italy 11,400
16 South Africa 11,389
17 France 11,321
18 Switzerland 11,242
19 Spain 10,894
20 Belgium 10,712

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach