Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 694,011
2 United States 440,144
3 United Kingdom 163,470
4 India 117,445
5 Germany 90,752
6 Japan 77,755
7 Italy 65,050
8 Russia 63,848
9 France 61,723
10 Australia 61,521
11 Canada 59,350
12 South Korea 52,229
13 Brazil 51,797
14 Netherlands 46,755
15 Taiwan 45,730
16 Turkey 42,051
17 Switzerland 27,175
18 Spain 25,022
19 Thailand 22,672
20 Poland 19,778

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach