Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 727,256
2 United States 433,819
3 United Kingdom 151,665
4 India 107,883
5 Japan 81,254
6 Germany 77,576
7 South Korea 77,440
8 Italy 69,724
9 Australia 65,233
10 France 63,913
11 Canada 58,684
12 Russia 52,807
13 Netherlands 51,528
14 Turkey 45,747
15 Taiwan 44,530
16 Brazil 40,085
17 Switzerland 29,426
18 Spain 26,825
19 Poland 20,162
20 Thailand 18,597

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach