Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 3,364,755
2 United States 577,417
3 India 525,575
4 South Korea 418,113
5 Taiwan 325,871
6 Japan 298,813
7 Turkey 282,416
8 Thailand 244,421
9 Malaysia 240,602
10 Brazil 238,444
11 United Kingdom 204,909
12 Russia 198,597
13 France 171,881
14 Germany 144,561
15 Mexico 110,924
16 Australia 101,734
17 Spain 91,918
18 Poland 88,564
19 Italy 87,198
20 Pakistan 86,708

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach