Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,593,154
2 United States 870,298
3 South Korea 601,361
4 India 580,257
5 Japan 411,723
6 Turkey 379,183
7 Taiwan 371,526
8 Brazil 308,421
9 United Kingdom 295,460
10 Russia 239,168
11 Thailand 236,221
12 Malaysia 218,055
13 France 187,483
14 Germany 155,154
15 Australia 150,250
16 Mexico 132,745
17 Pakistan 130,930
18 Poland 127,175
19 Canada 126,224
20 Iran 117,695

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach