Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,103,210
2 United Kingdom 302,312
3 China 141,295
4 Australia 130,361
5 Canada 87,700
6 Netherlands 70,443
7 Germany 55,821
8 Japan 28,109
9 Hong Kong 27,174
10 Malaysia 25,451
11 South Africa 23,808
12 Turkey 22,875
13 Spain 22,672
14 Brazil 21,845
15 Sweden 20,702
16 Taiwan 19,764
17 Belgium 19,039
18 Italy 19,004
19 South Korea 18,673
20 France 17,734

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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