Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 557,430
2 United States 545,390
3 United Kingdom 288,917
4 Australia 217,198
5 Brazil 129,334
6 France 105,696
7 Canada 96,497
8 Japan 91,604
9 Spain 78,952
10 Italy 72,344
11 Netherlands 70,073
12 South Korea 62,446
13 Portugal 62,018
14 Germany 58,566
15 India 56,769
16 Mexico 47,558
17 New Zealand 44,604
18 South Africa 44,086
19 Indonesia 37,938
20 Malaysia 36,969

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach