Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 532,796
2 China 506,990
3 United Kingdom 266,775
4 Australia 211,424
5 Brazil 130,070
6 Canada 109,140
7 France 101,985
8 Japan 86,749
9 Spain 75,100
10 Netherlands 68,944
11 Italy 67,655
12 Germany 63,336
13 India 61,855
14 Portugal 61,009
15 South Korea 58,510
16 Mexico 50,670
17 South Africa 48,041
18 Thailand 45,374
19 New Zealand 39,916
20 Malaysia 38,400

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach