Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,994,005
2 United Kingdom 1,129,917
3 Australia 695,792
4 Canada 341,904
5 Netherlands 326,340
6 Germany 161,061
7 China 124,333
8 New Zealand 75,501
9 Sweden 75,213
10 Spain 72,714
11 Israel 70,411
12 South Korea 63,272
13 Turkey 61,246
14 Italy 60,933
15 Hong Kong 58,620
16 Switzerland 58,565
17 Belgium 57,155
18 Ireland 53,801
19 Norway 53,748
20 Denmark 51,831

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach