Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,003,007
2 United Kingdom 1,239,302
3 Australia 723,340
4 Canada 358,971
5 Netherlands 344,635
6 Germany 159,081
7 China 147,665
8 Spain 80,732
9 New Zealand 77,777
10 Sweden 77,172
11 Israel 74,834
12 Turkey 74,243
13 South Korea 68,735
14 Italy 67,600
15 Hong Kong 64,693
16 Switzerland 63,300
17 Belgium 62,069
18 Ireland 58,309
19 Norway 57,976
20 France 53,918

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach