Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 168,208
2 United Kingdom 98,351
3 China 53,566
4 Australia 41,913
5 Canada 27,492
6 Germany 17,671
7 Netherlands 15,707
8 Taiwan 10,840
9 Sweden 10,432
10 Hong Kong 10,058
11 Malaysia 7,997
12 Japan 7,971
13 France 7,024
14 Singapore 6,823
15 Belgium 6,340
16 Spain 6,112
17 New Zealand 5,992
18 South Africa 5,949
19 Finland 5,599
20 Indonesia 5,474

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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