Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,161,469
2 United States 1,511,929
3 United Kingdom 650,909
4 Canada 390,258
5 Australia 318,407
6 Brazil 309,602
7 Germany 254,196
8 South Korea 248,191
9 France 222,318
10 Japan 211,553
11 Italy 190,773
12 Spain 180,475
13 Thailand 167,344
14 Taiwan 153,268
15 India 152,772
16 Turkey 138,463
17 Russia 135,713
18 Malaysia 130,093
19 Netherlands 126,028
20 Mexico 114,453

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach