Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,398,585
2 United States 1,277,657
3 United Kingdom 568,069
4 Canada 337,411
5 Australia 272,496
6 Brazil 271,676
7 Germany 247,227
8 France 209,666
9 South Korea 200,917
10 Japan 193,059
11 Spain 163,856
12 Italy 162,974
13 Thailand 157,725
14 India 156,259
15 Malaysia 147,198
16 Russia 144,274
17 Taiwan 138,657
18 Turkey 122,244
19 Netherlands 108,101
20 Mexico 103,830

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach