Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 232,892
2 China 88,382
3 United Kingdom 63,000
4 Italy 32,543
5 Japan 30,516
6 France 29,502
7 Australia 28,980
8 Germany 27,396
9 Canada 26,147
10 Switzerland 22,840
11 Netherlands 19,736
12 Brazil 18,571
13 Spain 17,625
14 South Korea 13,641
15 Turkey 13,338
16 Taiwan 13,178
17 Mexico 12,101
18 Russia 10,907
19 Thailand 9,774
20 India 8,317

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach