Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 687,435
2 China 543,511
3 United States 524,362
4 Australia 298,265
5 Malaysia 162,577
6 Netherlands 159,346
7 Taiwan 158,205
8 Germany 146,151
9 France 131,502
10 India 111,646
11 Indonesia 109,076
12 Canada 92,370
13 Turkey 88,800
14 South Africa 88,653
15 South Korea 85,103
16 Brazil 75,899
17 Thailand 73,934
18 Sweden 64,364
19 Italy 55,056
20 Portugal 49,422

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach