Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 830,399
2 China 666,305
3 United States 610,941
4 Australia 353,435
5 Netherlands 193,578
6 Malaysia 189,034
7 Taiwan 185,511
8 Germany 148,937
9 India 136,001
10 Indonesia 127,972
11 France 127,611
12 Turkey 113,259
13 South Africa 112,590
14 Canada 111,362
15 South Korea 110,313
16 Brazil 82,753
17 Sweden 81,474
18 Thailand 76,463
19 Italy 72,293
20 Portugal 62,974

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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